EAT | ASK | LEARN | FIND A STORE | HEALTH NEWS | SHOP
Carnitine or Carnosine – Does It Matter?
 
 
Carnitine or carnosine may sound similar, but which one you choose makes a difference in achieving your health goals. They are both referred to as amino acids because their chemical structure is similar to amino acids, and they are made of other amino acids. However, by scientific standards, they are not a pure amino. Carnitine is produced in the body from lysine and methionine, but for this to happen, you have to have enough B1
(thiamine) and B6 (pyridoxine) present. Carnosine is made from the amino acids alanine and histidine. The best dietary sources for carnitine and carnosine are meat, dairy, poultry and fish.

You may have come across the mention of carnitine as a sports or diet supplement, but it’s far more reaching. It is referred to as a weight loss aid because it aids in the transportation of fatty acids into the mitochondria of the cell, helping the body to more efficiently break down fats into energy. The other unique benefit to carnitine is that on its way out of the cell it helps remove toxins. Add to this that the most significant percentage of carnitine is found in skeletal muscle. It is no wonder sports enthusiast use this product to help remove the lactic acid produced during exercise. The brain and the heart also contain a large amount of carnitine, which also requires a large amount of energy for proper function and both require toxins to be removed from the cell. The people most at risk for a carnitine deficiency are people that are on a low protein diet or vegan and vegetarians. During the ageing process, the carnitine in your cells begins to decline, causing damage to the cells, resulting in age-related illnesses and decline. There are two forms of Carnitine – The L- Carnitine form, which is most often used by sports enthusiasts because of muscle repair and recovery. And the Acetyl-L-carnitine form, which is generally used to improve brain function and cognition and may help reduce both mental and physical fatigue and improve cognitive function.
 
 
How Does L- Carnosine Fit In?
 
 
Remember, carnitine or carnosine are similar in structure. Carnosine is also located in the muscle, brain and heart, and some of its benefits cross over. But as a stand-alone supplement, carnosine helps prevent and reverse some of the complications of diabetes such as nerve damage, eye disorders (cataracts), and kidney problems. Carnosine has excellent antioxidant properties and helps reduce the damage from free radicals, out of control lipids and sugars. For this reason, it is often recommended as part of a supplement regime for controlling metabolic syndrome. Carnosine studies show it has tremendous benefits for reducing the toxic effects of the "beta-amyloid" protein, which is the abnormal protein
that builds up in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease. Joint supplementation of both carnitine and carnosine appears to have a beneficial effect on neurodegenerative diseases. Carnitine and carnosine may also help slow the progression of age-related memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease by enhancing memory-related proteins. They also have a role in diabetic neuropathies, a side effect of diabetes that damages the brain. All of these actions protect our brain and keep it healthy as we age. They also provide cardiovascular benefits, but in different ways. Carnosine reduces the risk of atherosclerosis and lowers cholesterol, while carnitine relieves symptoms of angina and peripheral vascular disease. You can find all three forms of carnitine through the Natural Factors Brand. Natural Factors L-Carnosine, Natural Factors Acetyl L-Carnitine and Natural Factors L-Carnitine. Check with your healthcare provider if you are taking medications for brain-related disorders or heart and cholesterol medications or have other concerns with medications and interactions.
 
 
Resources
 
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0899900704000942
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27335245
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21561431
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3099008/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9744078
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17031479
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4661275/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22367578
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24468155
 
 
Connect with us